Given these considerations, antipsychotic drugs should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who suffer from a chronic illness that 1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and 2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.
Involuntary movement: Like other medications to control symptoms of schizophrenia, fluphenazine decanoate may cause rhythmic involuntary movements, known as tardive dyskinesia . Tardive dyskinesia is more likely to occur in women and seniors. These movements may involve only the tongue, face, mouth, or jaw, or they may include the extremities and trunk. Tardive dyskinesia is not reversible for some people. Report involuntary movements including sticking out the tongue, puckering mouth, or chewing movements to your doctor as soon as possible.